Com o apoio de uma bolsa do JournalismFund.eu, desenvolvi um projeto e investiguei, junto com a minha colega americana Sarah Sax e a fotógrafa contratada Ingrid Barros, os impactos da celulose da Suzano no Maranhão e na Bahia, da soja no Maranhão e no Piauí e das atividades da Vale em Carajás e Marabá no Pará.
As matérias colocam em perspectiva como grandes projetos são apoiados por investidores europeus e americanos, em commodities que são exportadas para todo o mundo e causam inúmeros impactos socioambientais, afetando a vida de indígenas, quilombolas e populações tradicionais.
Mesmo assim, essas empresas conseguem captar recursos considerados “verdes” e “sustentáveis” no mercado, em um típico movimento de greenwashing que costuma passar à margem da cobertura da mídia.
Journalismfund Europe vzw is a Brussels-based independent non‐profit organisation incorporated by citizens in 1998. The organisation was established with the purpose of facilitating investigative, cross-border and independent journalism in order to strengthen democracy in Europe by connecting donors and journalists without endangering the journalists’ independence.
Algumas matérias já publicadas:
1 – Na Deutsche Welle, sobre o greenwashing da Suzano
DW investigated eight ongoing socio-environmental conflicts on the ground in Brazil involving Suzano, Latin America’s biggest eucalyptus pulp producer, and spoke to officials, community leaders and union representatives who gave information on at least 40 more.
According to documents Suzano is required to submit to the US Securities and Exchange Commission, the company is facing 262 possible and probable civil and environmental proceedings, and 2,449 probable and possible labor proceedings.
Claims against the company range from indiscriminate use of pesticides and pollution of waterways to land grabbing and failure to consult with traditional communities on infrastructure projects.
Yet Suzano, which manages over a million hectares of eucalyptus plantations across the country and plans to almost double that in the next decade, has succeeded in achieving high environmental, social and governance (ESG) ratings. It has attracted billions in green investments.
German: Brasilien: Greenwashing in der Papierherstellung?
Matéria 2 – Sobre a Vale e os impactos da Estrada de Ferro Carajás no povo indígena Gavião
In 1985, mining giant Vale opened a railroad that cuts through the Mãe Maria Indigenous Territory in the Brazilian Amazon.
Since being built, the railroad has driven away game, cut off access to important water bodies and disrupted the Indigenous peoples’ way of life by introducing compensation money paid by Vale into the daily life of the villages.
Now, the mining giant has secured permission to build a second railroad track.
Indigenous leaders say that not only will the railroad extension cause greater environmental damage, but also that the company reached the agreement by using “divide and conquer” tactics over the years and by applying other maneuvers they consider unethical.